References and related publications               Laws, directives, policies

Organizations and initiatives        Networks and partnerships        Videos

References and related publications

EU Roadmap: Strategy of Plastics in a Circular Economy. 1/2017 (PDF)

EU strategy for plastics in the circular economy. COM (2018) 28  (Legal documents)

European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy. COM (2018) 28 final, 16.1.2018.

GREEN PAPER on a European Strategy on Plastic Waste in the Environment (COM/2013)

Guidance on Monitoring of Marine Litter in European Seas, 2013. (PDF)

Guidelines to increased collection of plastic packaging waste from households, 2015

Grid arendal – UNEP Marine Litter Vital Graphics

Hazardous substances in plastics – ways to increase recycling (PDF, 2017)

HELCOM – Baltic Sea Acton Plan 2007 and updates

HELCOM – basic facts on marine litter

HELCOM Copenhagen Ministerial declaration 2013 (PDF)

HELCOM Moscow Ministerial Declaration 2010 (PDF)

HELCOM Regional Action Plan for Marine Litter in the Baltic Sea 2015 (PDF)

Honolulu Strategy 2011

International Coastal Cleanup report 2017 by Ocean conservancy

Modeling expert judgment to assess cost-effectiveness of EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive programs of measures (2015)
Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 203-212.

Marine plastic debris and microplastics – Global lessons and research to guide policy change (2016).

Nordic improvements incollection and recycling of plastic waste (2015)

On the implementation of the circular economy package: options to address the interface between chemical, product and waste legislation (2018) 32

Plastics Europe (2017). Plastics the facts – 2017. Brussels Plastics Europe.

Plastics that contain hazardous substances: recycle or incinerate? (2016)
The Dutch National Institute for Public Health and Environment, Netherlands

 Plastic sorting at recycling centres: Guidelines (2015).

Propelling plastics into the circular economy – weeding out the toxins first (PDF, 2016).
Environment International 94: 230-234

Plastic Waste – Strategy and background

Sustainable Development Goals 2030 (SDG) of EU

Report of Baltic Marine litter project MARLIN – litter monitoring and awareness raising (PDF, 2013)

SYKE Policy Brief: Managing chemicals and material cycles (2017).

SYKE Policy Brief: Microplastics – a growing environmental risk (2017)

UNEP/IOC 2009: Gudelines on Survey and Monitoring of Marine Litter/ Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 186

UNEP 2016: Marine plastic debris and microplastics – Global lessons and research to inspire action and guide policy change (PDF, 12Mt).

WEEE Plastics Recycling: A guide to enhancing the recovery of plastics from waste electrical and electronic equipment, 2015

Laws, directives, policies

UR-Lex; Access to European Union law

Overview of EU policies, legislation and initiatives related to marine litter, 2012 (PDF)

Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)

Directive on plastic bags (2015)

Ecodesign Directive

EU Integrated Maritime Policy (IMP)

EU plastics waste strategy

Factsheets on the strategy for plastics in a circular economy

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (IMO: MARPOL 73/78)

Landfill Directive

Legal documents on the strategy for plastics in a circular economy

London Convention 1972 and 1996 Protocol

Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) 2008

Descriptor 10 / Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Descriptor 10/MSFD / Criteria –Standards – Implementation

Options to address the interface between chemical, product and waste legislation

Packaging and Packaging Waste Directive

Port Reception Facility Directive

Proposal for a new directive on port reception facilities aims to tackle sea-based sources of marine litter

Ship-source Pollution Directive

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982)

UN’s Sustainable Development Goals 2030 (SDG)

Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive

Water pollution – prevention strategies /  urban waste water

Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) directive

Waste framework directive

Waste prevention / legislation

Water framework directive

Organizations and initiatives

CleanSeas Campaign – UN’s Environment Programme  launched 2017

European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF)

EPRO – European Association of Plastics Recycling and Recovery Organisations

Foundation for Environmental Education – Global


IMO – International Maritime Organization

Keep the Archipelago Tidy Association

Keep Sweden Tidy Foundation

NOAA marine debris programme

Ocean Cleanup


Plastics Recyclers Europe


UNEP’s Regional Seas Programme

UNEP’s Global Programme of Action for Protection of the Marine Environment from Land-based Activities

UN – Oceans and Seas

WWF – Marine Litter

Networks and partnerships

Clean Nordic Oceans

Global Partnership on Marine Litter

Global Partnership on Waste Management

Nordic Co-operation

A Knowledge platform


EU: MEPs clamp down on wasteful use of plastic carrier bags: An ocean of plastic to eradicate (2015)

NORDEN: Plastic – an important part of a circular economy

TED TALK: Our campaign to ban plastic bags in Bali (2015)

TED TALK: We can recycle plastic (2011)

TED TALK: Seas of plastic

TED TALK: Truths about plastic pollution